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Burnout Resources

Burnout Inventories



  1. Heal Thyself: The Health of Health Care Professionals by Cynthia Scott and Joann Hawk (March, 1986)
  2. Resilience Enhancement for the Resident Physician by Edward Messner (Author) http://www.amazon.com/Resilience-Enhancement-Resident-Physician-Messner/dp/092924057X/sr=1-1/qid=1171483509/ref=sr_1_1/105-1267758-7240427?ie=UTF8&s=books
  3. Is it Worth Dying for?: How to Make Stress Work for You - Not Against You by Robert S. Eliot (Author)
  4. Kicking Your Stress Habits: A Do-It-Yourself Guide for Coping with Stress by Donald A. Tubesing (Author)
  5. Burnout: The Cost of Caring by Christina Maslach ( Paperback - Aug 2003) http://www.amazon.com/Burnout-Cost-Caring-Christina-Maslach/dp/1883536359/sr=1-1/qid=1171484894/ref=pd_bbs_sr_1/105-1267758-7240427?ie=UTF8&s=books 
  6. Structured Exercises in Stress Management: A Handbook for Trainers, Educators, Group Leaders (Stress Management Handbook Ser.; Vol. 5) by Nancy Loving Tubesing (Editor), Sandy Stewart Christian (Editor)
  7. Increasing Students' Learning: A Faculty Guide to Reducing Stress Among Students (Ashe Eric Higher Education Reports) by Neal A. Whitman, David C. Spendlove, Claire H. Clark, and ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education ( Paperback - Oct 1986)
    http://www.amazon.com/Increasing-Students-Learning-Reducing Education/dp/0913317314/ref=sr_1_1/105-1267758-7240427?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1173302096&sr=1-1
  8. Student Stress: Effects and Solutions (J-B ASHE Higher Education Report Series (AEHE)) by Neal A. Whitman, David C. Spendlove, and Claire H. Clark (Mar 13, 1984) http://www.amazon.com/Student-Stress-Effects-Solutions-Education/dp/091331711X/sr=8-1/qid=1171484642/ref=sr_1_1/105-1267758-7240427?ie=UTF8&s=books

Overview Article

Thomas NK. Resident burnout.
JAMA. 2004 Dec 15; 292 (23):2880-9. Review.
PMID: 15598920 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


  1. Goitein L, Shanafelt TD, Wipf JE, Slatore CG, Back AL.
    The effects of work-hour limitations on resident well-being, patient care, and education in an internal medicine residency program.
    Arch Intern Med. 2005 Dec 12-26; 165 (22):2601-6.

  2. Garza JA, Schneider KM, Promecene P, Monga M.
    Burnout in residency: a statewide study.
    South Med J. 2004 Dec; 97 (12):1171-3.
    PMID: 15646752 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  3. Martini S, Arfken CL, Churchill A, Balon R.
    Burnout comparison among residents in different medical specialties.
    Acad Psychiatry. 2004 Fall; 28 (3):240-2.
    PMID: 15507560 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  4. Sargent MC, Sotile W, Sotile MO, Rubash H, Barrack RL.
    Stress and coping among orthopaedic surgery residents and faculty.
    J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004 Jul; 86-A (7):1579-86.
    PMID: 1525211 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  5. Michels PJ, Probst JC, Godenick MT, Palesch Y.
    Anxiety and anger among family practice residents: a South Carolina family practice research consortium study.
    Acad Med. 2003 Jan; 78(1):69-79.
    PMID: 12525412 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  6. Shanafelt TD, Bradley KA, Wipf JE, Back AL.
    Burnout and self-reported patient care in an internal medicine residency program.
    Ann Intern Med. 2002 Mar 5; 136(5):358-67. Summary for patients in: Ann
    Intern Med. 2002 Mar 5; 136(5):I29.
    PMID: 11874308 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Educational Debt and Moonlighting

Collier VU, McCue JD, Markus A, Smith L.
Stress in medical residency: status quo after a decade of reform?
Ann Intern Med. 2002 Mar 5; 136(5):384-90
PMID: 11874311 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


  1. Clever LH.
    Who is sicker: patients-or residents? Residents' Distress and the care of patients.
    Ann Intern Med. 2002 Mar 5;136(5):391-3.
    PMID: 11874312 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  2. Cohen JJ.
    Heeding the plea to deal with resident stress.
    Ann Intern Med. 2002 Mar 5;136(5):394-5. No abstract available.
    PMID: 118'

Letters to the Editor

Letters 1-4 were written in response to the original Shanafelt, study - Burnout and self-reported patient care in an internal medicine Residency program. Ann Intern Med. 2002 Mar 5; 136(5):358-67 and the Editorial by LH Clever, Who is sicker: patients - or residents?

  1. Madsen T.
    Resident burnout.
    Ann Intern Med. 2002 Oct 15;137(8):698-700; author reply 698-700.
    PMID: 12379080 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  2. Beckman JA, Fang JC.
    Resident burnout.
    Ann Intern Med. 2002 Oct 15; 137(8):698-700; author reply 698-700.
    PMID: 12379077 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  3. Graham WR.
    Resident burnout.
    Ann Intern Med. 2002 Oct 15;137(8):698-700; author reply 698-700.
    PMID: 12379076 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  4. Nash IS.
    Resident burnout.
    Ann Intern Med. 2002 Oct 15;137(8):698-700; author reply 698-700.
    PMID: 12379075 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


  1. Mareiniss DP.
    Decreasing GME training stress to foster residents' Professionalism.
    Acad Med. 2004 Sep;79(9):825-31.
    PMID: 15326004 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  2. Linzer M, Visser MR, Oort FJ, Smets EM, McMurray JE, de Haes HC; Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM) Career Satisfaction Study Group (CSSG).
    Predicting and preventing physician burnout: results from the United States and the Netherlands.
    Am J Med. 2001 Aug;111(2):170-5. No abstract available.
    PMID: 11498074 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] 

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